Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS is a life-threatening lung condition that prevents enough oxygen from getting to the lungs and into the blood. Infants can also have respiratory distress syndrome. Depending on the amount of oxygen in the blood and during breathing, the severity of ARDS is classified as:.
The term adult respiratory distress syndrome ARDS was first introduced by Ashbaugh and Petty more than two decades ago. Since then, our understanding of this clinicopathologic entity has increased significantly. However, little therapeutic progress has been achieved, and the mortality remains high.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome ARDS also known as, adult respiratory distress syndrome previously non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema is a syndrome of acute respiratory failure characterized by bilateral diffuse alveolar infiltrates on chest radiography and resulting hypoxemia. ARDS begins with an injury that results in an inflammatory cascade with resulting vascular permeability and pulmonary edema. Loss of aerated lung tissue subsequently leads to hypoxemia and ventilation-perfusion abnormalities.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a type of respiratory lung failure resulting from many different disorders that cause fluid to accumulate in the lungs and oxygen levels in the blood to be too low. The person has shortness of breath, usually with rapid, shallow breathing, the skin may become mottled or blue cyanosisand other organs such as the heart and brain may malfunction. A fingertip sensor pulse oximetry or a sample of blood from an artery are used to determine the levels of oxygen in the blood, and a chest x-ray is also taken.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS is a type of respiratory failure characterized by rapid onset of widespread inflammation in the lungs. Causes may include sepsispancreatitistraumapneumoniaand aspiration. The primary treatment involves mechanical ventilation together with treatments directed at the underlying cause.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs alveoli in your lungs. The fluid keeps your lungs from filling with enough air, which means less oxygen reaches your bloodstream. This deprives your organs of the oxygen they need to function. ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries.
Back to Health A to Z. Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS is a life-threatening condition where the lungs can't provide the body's vital organs with enough oxygen. Most people have therefore already been admitted to hospital by the time they develop ARDS.
Typically, ARDS develops within 24 to 48 hours of the original illness or injury. It may become a life-threatening condition characterized by inflammation of the lungs, which may begin in one lung but eventually affects both, and leads to damage to the air sacs alveoli and surrounding small blood vessels. The damaged alveoli close down or fill up with fluid lung edemathereby losing their ability to oxygenate the blood and eliminate carbon dioxide. Patients experience increasingly severe respiratory distress, associated with decreasing oxygen levels in arterial blood and tissues.